Mongolia may not be the first place you think of when you think of ski resorts, but there is one top tourist attraction in Mongolia that almost everyone you speak to in Mongolia will encourage you to visit: Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia and home to the largest ski resort in the world. This will be a post about the best things to do in and around ULAanbatar, and there are many other great places in the country to look out for. Speaking of the Gobi Desert, this is the one part of Mongolia that is not too far from the city to miss when you move to the countryside. The country is a great place for hiking, mountain biking, skiing and other outdoor activities and it is not too far away.
The cliffs are largely uninhabited, as they were when Mongolia was ruled as a communist state, with the exception of a few small northern towns such as Ulaanbatar. After the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1991, the Communist Party that ruled Mongolia as Mongolia lost its prestige, and relations deteriorated as Mongolia rebuked China's criticism of Soviet revisionism, leading to the collapse of Mongolia's Communist regime and the rise of a new regime. China continues to insist on its claim to large tracts of land that remained Chinese even after the "Mongolian Revolution."
It was not until 2002 that China removed Mongolia from the map of its territory and no longer considered it part of the Chinese mainland, but since then it no longer considers Mongolia "part of our mainland.
Mongolia declared independence and has since experienced rapid growth, with the capital of Mongolia, Ulan Bator, being particularly praised for its success.
The most polluted air in Mongolia is in Ulan Bator, where 46% of the population lives. In 2016, Ulan Bator overtook New Delhi and Beijing as the second and third largest cities in the world respectively in terms of air pollution.
The town is the center of religious authority in Mongolia and qualifies as the capital of Mongolia, but it is not under the same political authority. The name was known as Ulan Bator until 1923, when it was renamed Ullapat after the Red Hero and declared the official capital of independent Mongolia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the capital was changed from "Ulaa" (meaning "Red Hero"), which today serves as an abbreviation for the official name of the Mongolian Communist Party, "Mongolian People's Party."
Officially, the Mongolian Empire went under in 1368, but the empire that remained in Mongolia at that time was the Yuan Dynasty, now known as the Northern Yuan Dynasty. The final collapse of the great "Yuan Dynasty" was marked by the death of its leader, Emperor Yuan Zhiyong, in 1384.
In 1924, Ulan Bator was renamed in honor of the communist triumph and the name of the city was changed to "Ulan Bator, the Red Hero." In 1937, he was declared the "Red Hero of Mongolia" for his services to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and in 1948 he changed his name to Uloan Baatar ("The Red Hero").
In 1368, Beijing was taken by the Ming army and the Mongolian royal family retreated to Mongolia, where fighting continued for years. Bogd Gegeen Lama decided to settle here, and over time the settlement became the largest city in Outer Mongolia and was named Urga ("Palace of the Noblemen"). Finally, there was the Yuan Dynasty, which controlled Khanbaliq and Beijing and acted as the summer capital of Shangdu, although the Republic of China had other plans for the region. After the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China, Mongolia declared its independence in 1868 and Ulan Bator its capital.
In the central square, there is a statue of Damdin Sukhbaatar, who declared Mongolia's independence from China in July 1921. The place that is now there is one of the most famous tourist places in Mongolia and shows bronze statues of Sukhaaatar and his horse. Both Sukhaas Square and Chinggis Khan Square have a number of historical monuments, such as the Mongolian Palace and the Ulan Bator Museum.
Ulan Bato, also called Ulayanbayatur or simply UB, is the capital of Mongolia and is connected with Russia and China by the Trans-Mongolian Railway, better known as the "Trans-Mongolian Railway." Ulan Bator connects China and Russia via a long-distance railway line from the capital of Mongolia to the port of Chinggis Khan.
In Russia, you can catch the Trans-Mongolian Train, which starts in Moscow and stops in Ulaanbaatar before heading to the port of Chinggis Khan and then on to Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. Elsewhere in Mongolia, you can take them to Ulenbator, Mongolia's second largest city, a city of about 1.5 million people. But before you really immerse yourself in the "Mongolian" culture, it offers the possibility of sleeping in nomadic huts with all modern amenities such as electricity and internet access.